Processors

 
Chip Picture/Description Type Description Year Price Resources
MOS / Motorola

MOS 6502

8 bit

Data bus: 8 Bit, Address bus: 16 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 20 kHz to 4 MHz
Instruction set: 65
Package(s): 40 pin DIP
Transistors: 3.510
Process: 8 μm
Area: 21qmm
Predecessor: Motorola 6800
Used in Apple I, Apple II, Commodore PET, VC20, Atari 600XL-120XE

1975-2009

80$-10$

MOS 6510

8 bit

Data bus: 8 Bit, Address bus: 16 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 0.985 MHz to 1.023 MHz
Instruction set: 65
Package(s): 40 pin DIP
Transistors: 5.000
Predecessor: Intel 6502
Successor: Intel 8502
Used in Commodore C64

Motorola 68000

16/32 bit

Data bus: 16 Bit, Address bus: 16 Bit, Instructions: 32 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 4, 6, and 8 MHz
Instruction set: 65
Package(s): 40 pin DIP
Transistors: 68.000
Process: 4 μm
Area: 44qmm
Predecessor: Intel 6800
Successor: Intel 86010,20,30
Used in many Computers, Apple Macintosh, Apple Lisa, Commodore Amiga, Atari ST

1979-

Zilog

Z80

8 bit

Data bus: 8 Bit, Address bus: 8 Bit, Instructions: 16 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 2.5, 4, 6, and 8, 20MHz
Instruction set: 158
Package(s): 40 pin DIP
Transistors: 8.500
Process: 4 μm
Area: 18qmm
Used in many Computers, most CPM, Schneider Joice, Commodore C128 etc.

1976-

Intel

Intel 8085

8 bit

Data bus: 8 Bit, Address bus: 16 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 3, 5 and 6 MHz
Instruction set: 80
Package(s): 40 pin DIP
Transistors: 6.500
Process: 3 μm
Area: 20qmm
Predecessor: Intel 8080
Successor: Intel 8086
This is a version build by NEC

1975-1990

Intel Pentium Pro

32 bit

Data bus: 32 Bit, Address bus: 36 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 150 MHz to 200 MHz
Front side bus: 60 and 66 MHz
Package(s): Socket 8
Transistors: 5.5 million
L1 cache: 8 KB
L2 Cache: 256-1024 KB
Process: 0.50-0.35 μm
Predecessor: Intel Pentium
Successor: Pentium II Xeon
This is a version with 200 Mhz und 256KB L2 Cache

1995-1998

Intel Itanium2

32 bit

Data bus: 32 Bit, Address bus: 36 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 900 MHz to 2.53 GHz
Bus Clock rate: 200 MHz
Cores: 1, 2, 4 or 8
Package(s): PAC611
Transistors: 221 million, 25 million for logic
L1 cache: 16 KB
L2 Cache: 256 KB
L3 Cache: 1.5-32 MB
Process: 180 nm
Area: 421-596 qmm
Predecessor: Intel Itanium
This is a "Madison" with 1 Core, 1.5 Ghz and 6MB L3-Cache

2002-2012

Mips NEC

Mips R10000

64 bit

Data bus: 64 Bit, Address bus: 40(44) Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 175 MHz to 250 MHz
Bus Clock rate: 60-100 MHz
Cores: 1, (four-way superscalar or SMP with up to 1000 Cores
Package(s):
Transistors: 6.8 million, 2.4 million for logic
Internal Cache: 32 KB
External Cache: 512 KB to 16 MB
Process: 0.35 μm
Area: 298 qmm
Predecessor: Mips R4000
Successor: Mips R12000-R18000
Used in SGI Indigo2 Impact, SGI Octane, SGI Challange, Origin 2000, Onyx, Onyx2, Siemens SINIX, Tandem
This is a version with 250Mhz (100Mhz bus), 8MB external Cache

1996-1998

3000$

SUN

Sun Ultra Sparc II

64 bit

Data bus: 64 Bit, Address bus: 43 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 250 MHz to 650 MHz
Bus Clock rate: 100 MHz
Cores: 1 Package(s): LGA-787
Transistors: 5.4 million, 1.35 million for logic
L1 Cache: 16 KB
L2 Cache: 1 to 8 MB
Process: 0.35-0.25 μm
Area: 126-149 qmm
Predecessor: Sun Sparc Ultra
Successor: Sun Sparc Ultra III
This is a version with 450Mhz, 8MB L2 Cache

1997-2004

Sun Ultra Sparc III

64 bit

Data bus: 128 Bit, Address bus: 43 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 600 MHz to 1015 MHz
Bus Clock rate: 150 MHz
Cores: 1 Package(s): LGA-1368
Transistors: 29 million, 11 million for logic
L1 Cache: 32-96 KB
L2 Cache: 1 to 8 MB
Process: 0.18-0.13 μm
Area: 126-149 qmm
Predecessor: Sun Sparc Ultra II
Successor: Sun Sparc Ultra IV
This is a version with 1015Mhz, 96MB L1 Cache, 8 MB L2 Cache

2001-2004

Power

Apple PowerPC G4 MPC7450

32 bit

Data bus: 64 Bit, Address bus: 32 Bit
Max.CPU clock rate: 500 MHz to 867 MHz
Bus Clock rate: 100 MHz
Cores: 1 Package(s): 483 pin CBGA
Transistors: 33 million, 10.5 million for logic
L1 Cache: 64 KB
L2 Cache: 256 KB
L3 Cache: 0-2 MB
Process: 0.18 μm
Area: 106 qmm
Predecessor: MPC7410
Successor: MPC744x
Manufacturer: Motorola
This is a version with 733Mhz

2001-

IBM Power3-II

64 bit

Max.CPU clock rate: 375 MHz to 450 MHz
Bus Clock rate: 166-250 MHz
Cores: 1 Transistors: 23 million
L1 Cache: 64+32 KB
L2 Cache: -16 KB
Process: 0.22 μm
Area: 170 qmm
Predecessor: IBM Power3
Successor: IBM Power4
Manufacturer: IBM
This is a version with 1 Core and 400Mhz (bus 250Mhz)

2001-

IBM Power5 MCM

64 bit

Max.CPU clock rate: 1.5 GHz to 2.3 GHz
Cores: 8, (2 per Die), SMP: 64 Cores Transistors: 276 million
L1 Cache: 32+32 KB/core
L2 Cache: 1.92 MB (3 x 640 KB)
L3 Cache: 144 MB
Process: 130-90 nm
Area: 389 mm2, 95x95cm
Predecessor: IBM Power4
Successor: IBM Power6
Manufacturer: IBM
This is a 8-Core-MCM containing four POWER5 dies and four 36 MB L3 cache dies

2004-2005-

IBM Power7

64 bit

Max.CPU clock rate: 2.4 GHz to 4.25 GHz
Cores: 4,6,8 Transistors: 1.2 billion
L1 Cache: 32+32 KB/core
L2 Cache: 256 KB/core
L3 Cache: 32 MB
Process: 45 nm
Area: 567qmm
Predecessor: IBM Power6
Successor: IBM Power8
Manufacturer: IBM
This is a 4-Core-Chip

2010-

IBM Mainframe

IBM Mainframe 4381

32 bit

IBM 4381 Mainframe P-13 Processor
This is a Part of the Processor-MCM from a IBM 4381.
The IBM 4381 was an IBM/370(XA)-System
maximal Memory: 64MB
68ns internal processor cycle time, 29 logic chips mounted
Operating Systems: VSE,VM/370, MVS/370

1985-

IBM Mainframe 2066 / Z800

64 bit

The processor-MCM of the IBM 2066br> includes 10 Chips (5 Cores, 2 L2-Cache-Chips)
Transistors: 690 million (44 million per Core, 237 per L2) Cores: 5
L1 Cache: 2.5MB (512KB per Core)
L2 Cache: 8 MB
Process: 18 nm
The IBM 2066 was a zSeries-System
Operating Systems: VSE,z/VM, z/OS

2002-2005